Elections and Qualifications

Running for the School Board

What all Prospective School Board Members Should Know 

Running for the School Board Brochure (PDF version)      

2024 Dates to Remember

April 22     Petition must be filed for central, union free and common school districts
May 1       Petition must be filed for all small city school districts
May 21     Budget Vote & Election Day
June 18    Budget Revote


 Commitment to Public Education
A school board member takes on one of the most important citizen responsibilities: overseeing the education of the community’s youth. In these challenging times for public education, school boards are seeking men and women who find excitement and satisfaction in confronting tough challenges and working collegially to rise above them and help students in their communities succeed.

The board of education is a uniquely American institution. It oversees and manages the community’s public school system. It ensures the public schools are flexible and responsive to the needs of the community.  School boards are comprised of volunteers within the community who dedicate their time to better public education. Except for those in Yonkers and New York City, board members are elected.

The size of a school board depends on the type of school district but generally ranges between three and nine members. With limited exceptions, school board members serve three- four- or five-year terms. Terms are staggered so all board positions are never open at the same time. Voters have the power to change the size of the board as set forth within the law.

Responsibilities of a Board Member
With schoolchildren always their ultimate focus, school board members act officially at the board table, working with other board members to serve students and accomplish the following:

  • Create a shared vision for the future of education

  • Set the direction of the school district to achieve the highest student performance

  • Provide rigorous accountability for student  achievement results

  • Develop a budget and present it to the community, aligning district resources to improve achievement

  • Support a healthy school district culture for work and learning

  • Create strategic partnerships with the community stakeholders

  • Build the district’s progress through continuous improvement

  • Adopt and maintain current policies

  • Hire and evaluate the superintendent

  • Ratify collective bargaining agreements

  • Maintain strong ethical standards

Characteristics of a Board Member
Below are attributes that all effective board members should possess.

  • Effective Communicator: Can describe what he or she wants and describe what others want; a good listener

  • Consensus Builder: Capable of working toward decisions that all can support and willing to compromise to achieve goals

  • Community Participant: Enjoys meeting a variety of people, can identify the community’s key communicators and reaches out to the community

  • Decision Maker: Is comfortable making decisions and can support group decision-making

  • Information Processor: Can organize priorities and schedules to handle large amounts of verbal and written information

  • Leader: Willing to take risks, be supportive of board colleagues, district staff and community

  • Team Player: Helps promote the board’s vision and goals

Running for Your Local School Board
Once you have made the commitment to run for your local school board, there are requirements, deadlines, and processes that must be adhered to.

Eligibility Requirements
Generally, school board candidates must be a U.S. citizen, at least 18 years old, qualified voters in the school district and able to read and write. They must be residents of their districts continuously for one year (as little as 30 days or as long as three years in some city school districts) before the election. They cannot be employed by the board on which they serve or live in the same household with a family member who is also a member of the same school board.

Nominating Petitions

The requirements for filing nominating petitions for a school board vary depending upon the type of school district. Generally, candidates must submit a nominating petition to the school district clerk. The petition must be signed by at least 25 qualified district voters or two percent of the number of those who voted in the previous annual election, whichever number is greater. In small city school districts, nominating petitions must be signed by at least 100 qualified voters.

The petition must include the following:

  • Candidate’s name and residence

  • Vacancy in question

  • Incumbent’s name (if any)

  • Residences of the persons who signed the petition

  • Length of the term of office for which the candidate is being nominated

Blank petitions are often available from the district clerk.

If a school district runs for seats “at large” such that each nominee is eligible for each vacancy, the nominating petition does not need to identify the specific incumbent’s seat the nominee is seeking. This petition must be filed with the district clerk at least 30 days (20 days in small city districts) before the election, between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m.

Once the petition is filed, the next step is to gather support. State law requires all candidates for election to a board of education to file a sworn statement with the district clerk disclosing both their campaign expenses and contributions received. Statements must be filed at three different times during the election period. If contributions received or expenditures made by the candidate or by the candidate plus others on the candidate’s behalf exceed $500, a statement also should be filed with the commissioner of education. Expenditures of not more than $25 may be made without the candidate’s permission if the donor or donors file a sworn statement with the clerk and the commissioner stating that the candidate did not approve the expenditure.

The expenditure and contribution statement prepared for the Commissioner of Education should be mailed to:
Commissioner of Education
c/o Educational Management Services
89 Washington Avenue, 1075 EBA
Albany, NY 12234

By state law, school board and budget elections, in all districts except the Big 5 (Buffalo, New York City, Rochester, Syracuse and Yonkers), must be held on the third Tuesday in May.

New York State School Boards Association
If you are elected, you don’t need to face this new challenge alone. The New York State School Boards Association is here to help you! The New York State School Boards Association (NYSSBA) was founded in 1896 in Utica, New York. With over 100 years of commitment, NYSSBA serves as the statewide voice of more than 670 boards of education.

The Association provides current information and advice on matters affecting school boards and works with other educational and related organizations in promoting excellence in public education. Consistent with our dedication to children, learning and the community, the Association provides advocacy, information, leadership development and custom services to public school boards.

Once elected, you will be required by New York State law to fulfill mandatory training within your first year of service. This includes fiscal oversight training and governance skills training. NYSSBA provides convenient online courses and regional academies to fulfill these requirements and to further your knowledge of public education and your responsibilities as a board member.

NYSSBA is ready to assist you in your effort to serve your community. Good luck in your pursuit of school board service and thank you for your dedication to providing quality education for New York State public school children.

For more information on school board service, visit the School Board Member Experience site, or contact NYSSBA at 518.783.0200 or via email at info@nyssba.org.